The document defines federal organizational and regulatory measures for 2020-2022, the procedure for developing sectoral and regional plans, as well as information and research support of the activities. The objective for the following three years is to get an understanding of the situation and proceed to the second adaptation phase, i.e. the specific measures in various sectors of the economy, forestry, agriculture, nature conservation and public health.
The plan envisages the creation of appropriate federal level legal structure, development of sectoral plans by the end of 2021, and a wide range of activities for information and scientific support of work.
The introductory part of the plan lists the key negative consequences of the expected climate change for Russia: health risks, the risk of worse and more frequent droughts, extreme rainfall and floods, increased fire hazard of forests, permafrost degradation, disturbed ecological balance with some species crowded out by others, and air conditioning energy consumption. Some positive factors have also been noted: heating savings, improved conditions for ship passage in the Arctic seas, better agricultural conditions in a number of regions, and increased forest productivity.
The subjects of the Federation are encouraged to establish climate change adaptation activities and approve regional plans in 2022. They have to send annual reports on the implementation of measures to the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia. It is envisaged that the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia, the Russian meteorological service and other departments will have developed a Model Climate Safety Certificate for a Subject of the Russian Federation by the end of 2020.